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Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Levels of all the parameters measured in the present study

Parameter Primary (1°PCOS) Secondary (2°PCOS) Control



Mean±SD SE Range 95% CI Mean±SD SE Range 95% CI Mean±SD


Lower Upper Lower Upper
BMI (kg/m2) 27.85±4.7 1.25 21.67–34.48 25.13 30.56 27.68±5.71 1.52 20.87–34.95 24.38 30.98 26.73±4.54
Glucose (mg/dL) 112.03*±1.25 0.97 98.44–124.21 108.29 115.77 107.4*±4.67 1.08 98.24–122.86 104.38 110.41 107.4±1.22
Insulin (mU/L) 16.35*±0.56 0.21 9.17–22.74 15.69 17.91 15.52*۫±1.21 1.003 9.14–1.76 15.31 16.23 9.50±0.77
HOMA-IR 4.54*±0.025 0.17 1.82–6.71 4.16 4.92 4.28*±0.024 0.17 1.82–6.11 3.90 4.66 2.53±0.027
QUIKI 0.306**±0.02 0.006 0.28–0.33 0.29 0.32 0.309**±0.037 0.006 0.28–0.33 0.29 0.32 0.33±0.023
LH (mU/L) 17.96*±1.03 0.33 15.93–18.89 17.28 18.64 18.39*±0.66 0.59 15.91–19.03 18.95 18.62 8.50±0.97
FSH (mU/L) 5.47**±1.47 0.22 4.77–7.03 5.11 7.31 5.45**±0.84 0.79 4.19–7.88 5.56 6.95 6.53±1.45
LH/FSH ratio 3.28*±0.89 0.17 1.97–3.88 2.41 3.86 3.37*±0.33 0.15 2.15–3.76 2.46 3.72 1.30±0.92
T (nmol/L) 1.83*±0.67 0.43 1.03–2.57 1.75 1.89 1.87*±0.79 0.33 1.14 –2.73 1.85 1.97 0.75±1.02
E2 (pmol/L) 53.67*±0.98 1.03 46.96–61.12 52.33 55.22 53.81*±0.98 0.56 44.62–62.16 52.43 54.90 48.51±0.84
E2/T ratio 29.24**±0.73 0.27 46.96–61.12 28.56 29.91 28.77**±0.86 0.32 44.62–62.16 27.97 29.58 65.37±0.88
Prolactin (ng/mL) 18.56*±0.56 1.266 28.25–30.38 15.56 17.8 17.29*±1.26 1.175 27.48–30.22 16.08 18.56 9.43±1.52
AMH (mg/mL) 16.78**±0.77 0.84 14.89–23.78 17.08 19.94 18.50**±0.89 1.09 12.35–24.27 17.189 19.81 11.22±0.88
Intelectin-1 (ng/mL) 253.04**±0.54 0.35 242.92–261.83 251.02 254.96 254.76**±1.14 0.17 249.08–264.0 252.41 256.8 331.42±0.45

BMI, body mass index; HOMA, homeostasis model assessment; IR, insulin resistance; QUICKI, quantitative insulin sensitivity check index; LH, lutropin; FSH, follicle stimulating hormone; T, testosterone; E2, estradiol; AMH, anti-Mullerian hormone.

*P<0.05, **P<0.01, as compared to control group. P-value indicates the level of significance in comparison with the corresponding control value. P>0.05, not significant; P<0.05, significant; P<0.01, highly significant.

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